Jaku Mualang-Iban


English-Mualang -Iban Finderlist

The wordlist below provides cross references to the Mualang – English wordlist on

previous pages. Both English entries and Mualang word meanings are stated in

general terms without any word class labels.

A 410 Grammar of Mualang

English                         Mualang Iban

A – a

a while                          setegal setegal, ketegal, tegal

a while ago                   tadi’ tadi

abscess                          barah benanah, nguyum, bengkak

abuse                              sumpah ngayah

according to                 nuna’ (enti) nitihka, nunda, kenu ku

achieve                          sampay. datai, sampai, teulihka

across                          lintang; seberang nyemerai, meraka, mintas, ngrentas

act upon                       tin’ak.

active voice marker N-.

adat, elder                    temeng’ung.

add                              tam’ah.

adopt                           angku’.

affection                       lebuh.

afflict                            kena’.

afflict – tacah.

afraid – takut.

after – dah; nyaw; udah.

after such a long time – kesudah-sudah; sesudah-sudah.

after that – udah nya’/ia’, see: udah.

afternoon – ujung ari, see: ujung.

again – agi’; lagi’.

age – umur.

agree – setuju.

agreement – pakat.

alcohol, k.o. – beram.

all – uga’.

all (kinds) – bala.

all kinds – keba; segala.

almost – ampir.

alone – kediri’.

alongside- rim’ay.

already – dah; nyaw; udah.

also – ga’.

although – amat.

amazed – iran.

among – ntara.

and – aba’.

angry – ransing; ringat; saw.

animal – ibun; jelu.

ant – kesa’; semut.

ant-eater – teng’iling.

antipassive voice marker ba-.

anvil – tempan

appearance – upa

approximately – bansa; kira-kira.

arm – jari.

arrange – atur; tipan; tunsun.

arrange alternately – sun’ang.

arrive – sampay.

arthropod – renguang.

as, like – upa.

as a matter of fact – padahal.

ascend – tiki’.

ash – abus.

ashamed – malu.

ask – tanya’.

ask for – pinta’.

ask permission to leave – pinta’ diri’.

aspect, perfect- dah.

astonished – iran; nyaruh.

at – da; di.

attack – runtu.

attic – padung.

aunt – ibu’.

axe – ban.

B – b

back (of body) – belakang; pung’ung.

back side –        belakang.

backpack kampil.

bad jat.

bad (MU) jay’.

balcony gang’ang.

bamboo buluh.

bamboo shoots jabaw.

Appendix 3: English-Mualang Finderlist

411

banana pisang.

banyan tree kiara’.

bark pelung.

bark, clothes pua’.

bark (of dog) salak.

bark (of wood) kelibak.

barking (sound) ngang.

basket (plastic ~) im’ir.

bathe pan’i’.

bathing place pian.

be able to dapat; mampu;

sang’up; talah.

beam (of house) nturan.

bear (n) beruang.

beat alah; palu’; pangkung;

pelasah; tutung.

beautiful alap.

beautiful (MI) panci.

because karna; kerna; nema.

become jadi.

bed tilam.

bee belin’ung.

beetle kum’ang.

before bedaw; sebedaw.

beginning mula.

behavior tabiat.

believe pecaya.

below baruh.

benefit guna.

bent rakuk.

betel (nut) keminang.

bettle nut pinang.

between ntara.

big besay.

bird burung.

bird, k.o. kuangkakuk; beruwi’.

bite ketup.

bitter payit.

black itam.

blanket besa’; selimut.

blessing berkat.

blood darah.

blow sepu.

blowpipe sumpit.

board papan.

boat ban; peraw.

body baka; tubuh.

boil rebus.

bone tulang.

born aday.

both kemua.

both of them sedua; seniku’; senua.

both of you sedua; seniku’; senua.

bottle jebul.

bottom baruh.

bowl jalung.

branch dan.

branch (dry ~) ranti’.

brave berani.

break rusak.

breast susu; tusu.

breath penyuan.

bridge panti.

bright tampak.

bright (of flame) deray.

bring any’ung; bay’.

broken pecah; rusak.

broom peN-tepaw, see: tepaw.

bruise bangkang.

bump terapa’.

burn pan’uk; tunu.

burn across (of fire) jelap.

burnt angus.

bury kubur.

bush (of bamboo) belayan.

bushes, k.o. (used for mats) seng’ang.

but ulih.

buy beli.

by ulih.

by (instrument) ngaw.

C – c

cabbage nsawi.

cake kuwi.

calf (of leg) betis.

call kumay.

A 412 Grammar of Mualang

can dapat; muk; taw’.

cancel balang.

can’t nitaw’.

carry on the back ma’.

carry on the shoulder tang’ung.

case for padi rengkiang.

cassava ubi.

catch tangkap.

caterpillar ulat.

cause (vt) asuh; suruh.

cave gua’.

centimeter sinti.

centipede nyelipan.

certainly tentu.

change ganti.

change clothes gari’.

charcoal arang.

chase gaga’; gusung; pupuh.

chat N-kampur, see:

kampur.

cheat bula’.

chest dada.

chest (of chicken) reban.

chew mpa’.

chicken manuk.

child anak; biak; miak;

nemiak.

chin dagu’.

chisel pat.

church gumpul.

citrusfruit limaw.

claim tuntut.

classifier, animate iku’.

classifier, flat entities lamar.

classifier, flat plane bilah.

classifier, for porcelain dishes

singkap.

classifier, for various things buah.

classifier, round entities igi’.

claw keramak (keramang?);

keransi’; kerantam.

clean bersih.

clear (field, branches) jeraw.

clear (land) pang’ul.

cleared lengis.

clever pan’ay.

climb tiki’.

close semak; tikup; tutup.

clot mpalang.

clothes kayin; peramu.

clouded mua ari, see: mua.

cluster (of bananas) tan’an.

coconut nyiur.

coconut scraper (MU) kelingkung.

coffin rarung.

cold, cool celap.

collect gumpul; putik;

tampung.

collect fruit kebuah, see: buah.

collect rubber saps putung.

come datay.

come home pulay.

come on ayuh; buh.

comfortable nyamay.

command asuh; suruh.

commonly jama.

compelled kesuput.

connect sam’ung.

contagious jangkit.

contain kan’ung.

container, for padi tibang.

container tungking; takin.

contents isi’.

continuously sengabut.

cook sumay.

cook in bamboo pansuh.

cook (put tools on fire) tangar.

cooked muduh.

cool celap kakap, see: celap.

coolie kuli.

cooperation (in group) baduruk, see:

duruk.

corn nyeli’.

corpse bangkay.

count bilang; itung.

count per-itung, see: itung.

country menua.

cousin manal; sepupu.

cover kum’uh; tudung.

crab gerama’.

cross seberang.

cross over lung’ang.

Appendix 3: English-Mualang Finderlist

413

cross road saka.

crow kak.

crowded rami.

crushed ancur; lela’.

crushed (of fire) repung.

cry sabak.

cry aloud nyerawuh.

cucumber ntimun.

currency rupiah.

curse serapah

custom adat; basa adat (adat

basa), see: basa.

cut lumpar; pung’a’;

putung; sim’ang;

tangkal; tebang; tebas;

tetak.

cut into chunks papung.

cut into pieces pepat.

D – d

dark petang.

day ari.

day after tomorrow lusa.

day before yesterday nsana.

daytime tawas.

dead mati.

decayed (of wood) repuk.

deceive bula’.

deep dalam.

deer kijang.

defeated alah.

defecate bira’.

deity petara.

delete apus.

delicacy from sticky rice gelamay.

delicacy from flour tepung.

delicacy from meat or vegetables

pekasam.

delicacy from rice lulun.

delicacy from sticky rice jimut;

pam.

delicious nyamay.

dense (of leaves) lebaw.

descend turun.

descendant anak; purih; ke-turun,

see: turun.

deviate limpang.

dibble tugal.

die mati.

die (polite) nyaw.

died out punas.

differ bida.

difference bida.

different silah.

differentiate bida.

difficult pedih.

dig gali.

diligent ingkuh.

direct terus.

direction bung.

dirty kutur.

disappear ilang.

disclose kasi’; siah.

discretion serah.

discuss cakap.

disease (skin ~) panaw.

disobedient matang.

dispute tengi’.

distribute bagi.

disturb aru.

dive selam

divide bagi; badua’, see: dua’.

divorced suayak.

do pulah.

dog ukuy.

done tem’u’.

don’t adu; nang.

door lawang.

downstream ili’.

drag dujut; irit; rantak.

drag rudely runtay.

draw dujut; irit.

dream mimpi.

drink inum.

drop labuh.

drunk mabuk.

A 414 Grammar of Mualang

dry jemuy; rangkay.

durian-fruit/tree rian.

during selama’.

E – e

each mansing; setiap; tiap.

each other pangan

eager cerat.

eagle lang.

ear pen’ing.

eardrop pen’ing.

earlier dulaw.

early dini; lekaw.

earth tanah.

easy gampang.

eat ipung; pakay.

eat (rude) majuh.

echo awuh; gawuh.

eddy ulak.

egg telu’.

egotistic kerampak.

eight lapan.

elbow siku.

embrace berap.

emerge angkat; tim’ul.

emphatic marker aday.

empty puang.

empty (of husk) ampa’.

end mpangan; tampuk;

ujung.

endure tan.

enemy laban.

enough bayah; cukup.

enter tama’.

enthusiastic saga’.

erect pe-diri, see: diri.

escort any’ung.

estuary nanga.

etiquette, custom basa.

even genap.

ever gah.

every setiap; tiap.

excessive lampar.

exclamation for attention ih.

exclamation of disagreement ci’.

exclamation for calling uy.

exclamation, my! uay.

exclamation (pointing) nih.

exclamation (sighing) aduh; way.

exclamation of sudden awareness uh.

exclamation of, surprise ah; akay; ay;

ha; wih.

exist aday.

exist, there is b-isi’, see: isi’.

exit keluar; pansut.

expect arap.

extinguished, off, set (of the sun)

padam.

extremely gila’.

eye mata.

F – f

face mua.

face to adap.

face (up) ngkadah.

fail balang.

faint pisan.

fall labuh; ruruh.

fall down tumay.

fall upon ting’ang.

fallen tepuruk.

fallen headlong tepelanting.

family ayung; gempung.

far jawuh.

fast angas; deras; jampat;

lekas; sigat.

fat gemu’.

father apay.

father (MI) mpay.

fathom depa

Appendix 3: English-Mualang Finderlist

415

feast (traditional) gaway.

feces tay’.

feed umpan.

feel comfortable betah.

feel like asa’.

female in’u’.

fence pagar.

fern rajang.

fertile galak.

festival gaway.

fever tabin.

feverish gering-gering.

few mimit; sikit.

fiancé(e) tunang.

field (burnt ~) kelensuan.

field (rice ~) ranaw.

fight ba-rin’as, see: rin’as.

find temu.

fine, pay tungu.

finger tuny’uk.

finished amis; badu’; cawis; mis;

tem’u’; udah.

fire api.

firefly kelampepat.

first dulaw; semaru.

fish ikan.

fish hook kayil.

fish scoop kemansay.

fish trap bubu; serua’.

fish trap (fence of ~) sabar.

fit pas; tucuk; tumas.

five lima.

fix apis.

flap around cipay-uay.

flare dilang-dilang.

flood ranah.

flower bunga.

flu sengah.

fly ter(e)bay.

fold lipat.

follow aba’; ansul; terudi;

tuna’.

food umpan.

foot kaki, dejak.

foot-bridge titi.

for jalay; ngaw.

forbid rut.

force pukung.

forecast tenung.

forefinger tuny’uk

forest babas; kampung; utan.

forge tempa’.

forget kelupa.

fortune tuah.

four mpat.

friend kawan; pangan.

frog kacung; katak.

from ari.

from where? ari ni (reni), see: ari.

front part mua.

fruit buah; kemayaw;

ntawa’; maram;

kerinsak; lang’u’.

full penuh.

fungus kulat.

funny lucu.

future tense marker ka’.

G – g

gain, get ulih

gallery of longhouse ruay.

garden kebun.

gather kumpul.

get, gain ulih.

get fish tam’ang.

ghost antu.

gibbon (tail-less ~) mp(e)liaw.

gild sepuh.

ginger lia’.

give beri’; jua’.

give birth to aday.

glad gaga.

go angkat.

go after ansul.

go back and forth bulak-balik, see:

bulak; kulang-kalik;

A 416 Grammar of Mualang

kun’ang-katang;

kun’ang-kekun’ang.

go downstream ili’.

go out keluar.

go through tengah.

go to mansang.

gold mas.

gone too far telany’ur.

gong gung; tawak.

good bayik.

goods barang; reta.

gram gram.

grandchild ucu’.

grandchild, relationship benucu’.

grandfather aki’.

grandmother ini’.

grandparent, relationship benucu’.

grate bingkung; kelingkung.

grave kubur.

great-grandfather puyang.

greedy cerat.

green ijaw.

greetings tabi’.

grind kisar.

ground tanah.

grow tum’uh.

guess jangka’.

guest temuay.

gulp down teguk.

gunny (sack) guni.

H – h

habit kabiasa, see: biasa.

hair buk.

haji aji.

hammer tampun.

handsome bagas; gas.

hang gantung.

hard keras; payah; teguh.

harvest ketaw.

have mpu.

have a plan am’u’.

he ia.

head pala’.

healthy angas.

hear dinga.

heart jantung.

heat angat.

heavy berat.

heavy (rain) lebaw.

help bantu’; surup; tulung.

help each other duruk.

help with harvest ba-ringaw, see:

ringaw.

helter-skelter peluntang-pelanting.

here ditu’.

hide selabuk; tapuk.

high ting’i’.

hill bukit.

hindrance alang; aral; lintang.

hit gasak; pangkung.

hither kitu’.

hold kepal; pegay.

hole lubang.

hole (make ~) tebuk.

hollow lempa’.

hook kayit.

hope arap.

horn cula.

hornbill ng’ang.

hot angat.

house rumah.

house(hold) lawang.

how ba-kati; kati.

how many/much berapa.

hug pangkap.

huge galaw.

human mensia.

human being nsia.

human (super ~) beji.

hundred (unit of ~) ratus.

hunt asu.

hurried barah buruh, see:

barah; buruh.

husband laki.

hut langkaw.

Appendix 3: English-Mualang Finderlist

417

I – i

I ku.

if anti’; nganti’; nti’.

if so asa pia’, see: asa.

illocutionary marker ah (see section

9.4.1), bada’ (9.4.2), bah

(9.4.3), dih (9.4.4),

dulaw, law (9.4.5), gena

(9.4.6), ja’ (9.4.7), jara’

(9.4.8), kah (9.4.9), kini

(9.4.10), lah (9.4.11), lay

(9.4.12), mah (9.4.13),

tih (9.4.14), udah

(9.4.15), wih (9.4.16).

imposed kena’.

in da; di.

in order to jalay.

incredibly saja.

indeed amat.

indefinite pronoun anu’; sanu’.

inside alam.

insist tengik.

insistent matang.

invite bay’.

involve pabit.

iron besi.

ironwood tebelian.

it ia.

in the beginning mula-mula, see:

mula.

J – j

jar tajaw; tempayan;

tepayan.

jaw rang.

join sam’ung.

joint buku’.

joke guraw; uti’.

jump lumpat.

jump (into) kerejuk.

jungle rim’a’.

just aja’; ja’.

K – k

keep simpan; tepu’.

kick sipak; ten’ang.

kick with shinbone bintih.

kill bunuh.

kilogram kilu.

kilometer kilu.

kind keban; leman; macam.

kind bayik.

king raja.

kiss lulum; sium.

kitchen pelabuh.

knead tunyaw.

knee tut.

knee (backside of ~) kelempetan.

knife lunga’.

knife for weeding kerawuk.

knife (tip of ~) puting.

know kelala; taw’.

knowledge pemenaw’.

418 A Grammar of Mualang

L – l

ladder tang’a’.

lamp api.

land tanah.

land (cleared and burnt ~) tegalan.

land (cleared ~) reban.

landing place pengkal.

language basa.

lap pangku’.

large lantang; luah.

last badu’.

late lawun.

late (the ~) diang.

later ila’.

latex kulat.

laugh ketawa’;

tekakak-tekikik.

law ukum.

lazy kelalah; lemaw; luntus;

ningkuh.

leaf dawun.

leak pesuk.

learn bal-ajar, see: ajar.

leave ting’al.

leave there nga’

leaves (rotten ~) rawuk.

leek (k.o.) juna’.

left kiba’.

leg, lower part of kaki.

lest mali.

let nga’.

lie bula’.

lie down gali’.

lift angkat; katung.

light (not heavy) lempung.

like keran; upa.

like that pia’.

like this, so pitu’.

limit jangka’.

lips mulut.

listen to dinga.

little mimit; mit; sikit.

live diaw; idup.

liver ati.

loincloth sirat.

long panyay.

long for gawuk; rin’u; riu.

long (of time) lama’.

long time ago kini/kina ari, see: kini.

longhouse rumah panyay, see:

rumah.

longhouse, k.o. gutter teluk.

look upa.

look for giga’; iga’; inaw.

look (have a ~) pasaw.

loose lepas.

lost ayap; ilang; lenyaw;

tesat.

loud kaya; saring.

low baruh.

lice kutu.

M – m

macaque, long-tailed kera’.

macaque, short-tailed beruk.

machete isaw; tangkin.

make pulah.

make cold or cool celap.

make offerings ba-dara’, see: dara’.

make prohibition penti.

Malay people Senganan.

man, male person laki.

manner cara, jalay

many bala; banyaw; mayuh.

marriage guang.

marry jadi.

mat biday; tikay.

matches (for light) guris.

may taw’.

Appendix 3: English-Mualang Finderlist

419

may not nitaw’.

maybe amang.

meal umpan rempah, see:

umpan.

meaning badi; reti.

measure ukur.

measurement, can ling.

measurement, fathom depa

measurement, foot dejak

measurement (for bowls) tayil.

measurement (for pigs) renti.

measurement (of height) pencuay.

measurement (of length) sengigit;

senyiku; ruas.

measurement, palm of hand tempap.

measurement (of size) gawang;

senyintik.

measurement, span jingkal;

sengawul; senyulan.

measurement, wooden container

gantang; kulak.

meet temu.

melted lela’.

mention sebut.

message pesaw.

meter mitir.

middle tengah.

milk susu; tusu.

millet jawa’.

mind akal.

miss luput.

mix gulay; kamuh.

money duwit.

month bulan.

moon bulan; tajaw.

moon (full ~) bulan tumas, see:

tumas.

more lebih.

morning lam.

mother inay.

mother-in-law ibu’.

mother (of animal) in’u’.

mountain gunung.

mouse cit.

mouse-deer pelan’uk.

mouth nyawa.

move pin’ah.

move restlessly kasak-kusuk.

Mualang Mualang.

much bala; banyaw; mayuh.

mud lata’; licak.

must alah; arus.

N – n

nail silu.

naked telany’ang.

name nama.

nangka fruit ugal; ugan.

narrow sekut.

near semak.

neck ler.

need perlu.

needn’t adu; nusah.

net jala.

net-fish jala.

never kala’; nikala’.

newly baru’.

night malam.

nightjar tuap; tuaw.

nine semilan.

no, not n’a’; naday; nday;

ukay.

noon tawas.

nose idung.

not, no n’a’; naday; nday;

ukay.

not allowed mali.

not as nupa.

not know nitaw’; ntah.

not like nupa.

not want ngay.

not yet bedaw.

nothing nisi’.

now tu’; tu’.

420 A Grammar of Mualang

O – o

observe per-ati, see: ati.

odd nyelah.

offerings pe-dara’, see: dara’.

often kepa’; keran.

oil binyak.

old tuay.

on da; di.

one sa’; satu.

only anya; cuma.

onself diri’.

open awak; buka’; kebak.

open up kanit.

oppose laban.

or ataw.

or (?) kali’.

order asuh; pesaw; suruh.

order (in ~ to) ngaw

origin asal.

originate ba-labuh, see: labuh.

other bukay; kebukay; keda’.

ouch aduh.

outside luar.

P – p

pad selap.

paddle kayuh.

paddy padi.

paddy storage durung.

palm leaf (midrib of ~) lidi.

palm of hand tapa’.

pan (cooking_~) kuali.

pants selawar.

parent in law ntua.

part belah; bung; piak; tung.

part, division pe-dua’, see: dua’.

partner pangan.

party pesta. (cf. feast)

pass kilah; pansa’.

pay back balas.

peck pantuk; tutuk.

peek ipa’.

peel bingkis.

peg pasak.

pelt tikam.

pepper sang.

perfect marker dah; nyaw; udah.

persistent matang.

person urang.

pestle alu.

pick puar.

pierce tem’us.

pierced tem’us.

pig babi; lang’u’.

pig (big ~) kelimpay.

pinch jeput.

pineapple pisang kura.

pitcher piala.

pity kasih.

place jalay; teban.

place of playing peguraw, see:

guraw.

plain (of land) lempa’.

plait lalin

plan am’u’.

plant tam’ak.

plate ping’an.

play lelang; mayin.

plunder jarah.

point tuny’uk.

pointed rancung.

poison bisa; ipuh.

pole tiang.

poor miskin.

porcupine angkis.

possess, have mpu.

possession mpu.

possessive marker nu’.

Appendix 3: English-Mualang Finderlist

421

pot (boiling ~) periuk.

pounce upon sam’ar.

pound tutuk.

pound (of padi) ceruh.

power kuasa.

prefix (nominalizer) pe(N)-.

prefix, one se-.

pregnancy kan’ung.

pregnant kan’ung.

prepare agih.

pretend budi.

pretty bayik.

price rega.

proa ban; peraw.

progressive marker benung; tengan.

prohibition penti.

promise dany’i.

proper senunuh.

property arta; ramu; reta.

propose to (of marriage) pinta’.

prostrate o.s. tingkap.

proverb sempang.

provisions bekal.

pull tarik.

pull out cabut.

pull s.o.’s hair kerantam.

pull up rantak.

punish ukum.

punishment ukum.

put ngkah; ngkuh; tepu’.

put in celuk; pajak.

put out, extinguish padam.

python sawa’.

Q – q

quarrel laya’.

quick lekas.

quiet diaw; nugaw; silu-silu;

sunyi’.

R – r

rags (in ~) minsay-miay.

rain ujan.

raise piara.

rambutan beliti’; belutuk.

randomly semanta.

rare jarang.

rattan danan; ui; uwi; wi.

rattan (big ~) sega’.

raw manta’.

read baca.

really tulu.

reciprocal marker pangan.

recognize kelala.

recovered angas; sem’uh.

red mirah.

reflexive pronoun diri’.

regret sesal; tesal.

relative marker tay; ti.

relatives ayung.

remain ting’al.

remainder rampang.

remember ingat.

remnants rampang.

replace ganti.

reply sawut.

reprimand anu’.

reservoir tampung.

resign un’ur diri’, see: un’ur.

resist tan.

rest ba-lepa, see: lepa.

return pulay.

reward pampas.

rhetorical question marker baday.

rib rusuk.

rice (cooked) umpan; nasi’.

rice field babas; uma.

rice (glutinous ~) pulut.

rice plant padi.

A 422 Grammar of Mualang

rice (uncooked ~) beras.

rich kaya.

riddle petataw.

ride on (a boat) tam’ang.

rifle senapang.

right tulu.

right away teka.

right (of direction) kanan.

rights hak.

ring tincin.

ripe muduh; radu’.

rite nselan.

river sungay.

river (deep place in ~) lubuk.

road jalay.

roll giling.

roof (wooden ~) sirap.

room bilik.

rooster renyaw.

root akar.

round buntar.

roundabout route (MI) kelingkung.

rub palit.

rubber getah.

run guay; ba-guay, see:

guay.

run (away) rari.

run away rari diri’, see: rari.

run down pejah; ulu’.

run helter-skelter mpapa’.

run into terejang.

S – s

sad kemedih; pedih.

safe aman.

saliva ludah.

same bela’; sama; sebela’.

sand ngkrangan.

sap, of plants getah.

satisfied, of food kenyang; segay;

betaga’, see: taga’.

say kenu’; padah; jaku’.

scatter am’ur; unsay.

scattered ampah; kucar-kacir.

scoop kawut; pansay; rawup.

scrape rawut.

scraper bingkung.

season musim; rama.

season, dry lega’.

season, of cracker snack (pam) suma’.

secure aman.

see peda’.

seed benih; igi’.

self diri’.

separate pamar.

separated pamar.

servant ulun.

set pasaw.

set head to sun’ang.

settled laju.

settlement tem’awang; tem’away.

seven tujuh.

sew jayit.

shaman manang.

share untung.

share food sadung.

shark iu; yu.

sharp tajam.

sharpen ansah.

she ia.

shinbone bintih.

shocked terentak.

shoes (wooden ~) kasut.

shoot tim’ak.

shopping belany’a.

short baruh; panus.

short (in ~) puku’ (ia’).

shout kangaw.

shout loudly seraw.

shrimp unang.

shy malu.

sibling menyadi’.

sibling-in-law duay; ipar.

sibling- of father ketuan.

sibling (younger ~) adi’.

sick pedih; rung’u’; sakit.

side belah; tisi.

Appendix 3: English-Mualang Finderlist

423

side dish rempah; rumpah.

sieve ayak.

sigh aduh.

sign kelay’; tan’a.

silent silu-silu.

since ari.

single tung’al.

sit duduk.

sitting place langan.

six nam.

skin kulit; umang.

sky langit.

sky (sunset ~) lamur.

slap tampar.

slash pabat.

slave ulun.

sleep tin’uk.

slice kerat.

slice of meat kumpal.

slippery licin.

slow lawun.

slow and quiet lubah.

small mit.

smear unsut.

smell baw’; lulum; sium.

smoke asap; salay.

snake ular.

snake, k.o. semenang; tedung.

sneeze kasi’.

snout jungur.

so jadi; pia’; nyaw pitu’,

see: pitu’.

so that isa’.

soak ren’am.

soil tanah.

solely haja.

sometimes kadang(-kadang);

tekadang.

son-in-law akan.

sound gu’.

sound (distant ~) aying-aying.

sound of a chicken ciap.

sound of tapping kutak-katuk.

sound of vomiting uwak.

sow benih.

sparrow pipit.

speak umung.

spear sangkuh.

speech cakap.

speed up kibaw.

spider mp(e)lawak.

spinach arum.

spit ludah.

splash mpias

spoon catuk; sudu’; tiluk.

spoon for rice sengkidaw.

spread ancaw; kemay.

sprinkle unsay.

spy intup; ipa’.

squeeze keremung.

squirrel pukang.

squirt mperecit.

stab tucuk.

stab upwards rejang.

stairs tang’a’.

stand diri; ba-diri, see: diri.

star pianaw.

startle tegah.

startled tekanyat.

starve kelensuang.

statue (wooden ~) pentik.

stay diaw; ting’al.

stay temporarily merama.

steal curi.

stem (edible part of ~) upa

step back un’ur.

step on tijak; tijang.

step over tingkah.

still agi’; lagi’.

stir sudu’.

stomach perut.

stone batu.

stop badu’.

stop by sing’ah.

stop there nga’

story gisah; jerita; kisah;

tusuy.

story (k.o. chanted ~) kana.

straight jurus; terus.

straight (not bent) bujur.

stretch out hand suar.

strike palu’.

A 424 Grammar of Mualang

strong anal; kukuh; teguh.

stuck sangkut.

stumbled kerap terap, see: kerap;

terap.

stupid budu; mawa; nitaw’.

subject to ta’luk.

substitute ganti.

sugar gula.

summon bay’

sun mataari

sunday ming’u.

sunk teng’elam.

supernatural being antu.

surpass kilah.

swampland tawang.

swear serapah; sumpah.

sweat peluh.

sweep tepaw.

sweep away anyut.

swept away anyut.

swing ayun.

swollen bengkak.

T – t

taboo badi; mali.

tail iku’.

take and give asi.

take (away) am’i’.

take care intu; piara.

take out bantir.

talk cakap; umung.

talkative ritak.

tall ting’i’.

taste (astringent ~) kelat.

tasteless tabar.

teach ajar; ba-ajar, see: ajar.

teapot tiku.

tease guraw.

tell gisah; padah; tusuy.

ten sepuluh.

ten, unit of puluh.

term of address, bad behavior

dingay; isu’.

term of address, father-in-law pa’,

see: apa’.

term of address, father pay.

term of address, female ayik; dara;

daruy; dayang; duy;

n’u’; nuy; nyay; ratu,

anci.

term of address, grandchild cu’.

term of address, grandmother ni’.

term of address, male awas, antus;

bagas; bujang; m’a’;

was; jang; juy.

term of address, mother nay.

term of address, older sibling aka’.

term of address, sibling-in-law keka’.

term of address, son-in-law kula’.

term of address, younger person

nak.

thank God! sukur.

that ia’; nya’.

that (far away) nyun.

that (over there) nyin.

then baru’.

there (far) din.

there (near) dia’.

therefore keba’.

they sa’; sida’.

thigh pa.

thin ringkay.

thing utay.

things, goods ben’a.

think pikir.

this tu’; tu’.

thither (far) kin.

thither (near) kia’.

thorn duri’.

three tiga.

thresh irik.

throat rekung.

throw ibat; tibar; tikam.

throw away buay.

thunder guntur.

thus jadi.

Appendix 3: English-Mualang Finderlist

425

tie up tam’it.

time jaman; jeman; masa;

senta; waktu.

time, long ago in the past melia’.

time, present kitu’.

time, previous kelia’.

time, same pas.

times kali’.

tiny ncik.

tip mpangan; ujung.

tired lelak.

to gusung; ka; ngusung.

together bereta.

tomorrow pagi.

too (superlative) gulung; lampar.

top ataw; pucuk; tampuk.

top of tree pucuk.

torn apart carik.

tortoise kekura’.

touch tegu’.

tounge dilah.

towards mansang.

toy peguraw, see: guraw.

trace abi; awak; bekaw; sidi.

trap for animal peti’.

tray for food par.

tree kayu; pun.

tree for clothes kepua’.

tree (inner part of ~) mpulur.

tree (k.o. ~) nelay.

tree-trunk ban’ir.

tremble getar.

tribe bansa.

trick akal.

tripod for cooking tungku.

true amat.

try cuba; teray.

turmeric kunyit.

turn around balik.

turn off to another direction limpang.

turtle kapir.

turtle (freshwater ~) lelabi.

twin rakup.

two dua.

U – u

ugly gana; radah.

ulcer bangkang.

understand nyaruk.

unreliable payah.

until nyantuk; sampay.

upper part ataw.

upstream ulu.

upstream (go ~) mudik.

urinate kemih.

urine kemih.

use ngaw.

usual jama; sengkit.

usually biasa.

V – v

valley darung.

value, price rega.

village kampung.

visit ran’aw; temuay.

voice gu’.

vomit mutah.

W – w

waist ping’ang.

wait anti’; tung’u’.

wake up dani.

A 426 Grammar of Mualang

walk gunyung-gunyung;

jalay.

wall din’ing.

want ka’.

wash basuk.

wasteful rua’.

water ay’.

water for washing hands kemasuk.

wave kibaw.

wave aside biah, tipah.

wave to lam’ay.

way cara.

we tua.

we (excl) kami.

we (incl.) kita.

we (dual.) tua, kemua

weak luay’(-luay’).

wealth arta; ramu.

weasel munsang.

weed mabaw.

well aw’.

what apa.

whatever barang.

when bila; kebila; kemaya;

waktu.

whenever asa.

where dini.

where (from ~) reni.

whereas sedang.

where, to kikay.

which ni.

while sam’il, sedang.

white putih.

who sapa.

whosit sanu’.

why ngapa.

widow balu.

widower balu.

wife bini.

will kedeka’.

wind ribut.

window penukang; teling’u.

winnow tampi’.

wise antus; awas.

wise (of talk) muduh.

wish kira.

with aba’; ngaw.

woman (young ~) dara.

womb kan’ung.

won’t ngay.

wood kayu;

wood, k.o. mpapa’; kelempetang.

word jaku’.

work kerja, tacah.

world menua.

world of the dead sebayan.

worn out gari’.

wound bakal.

wrap bungkus; kumuh;

tungkus.

wrapped likun.

wrestle ba-rin’as, see: rin’as.

wrist perekuan.

wrong salah.

Y – y

yam (itchy ~) birah.

yard laman.

year tawun.

yellow kuning.

yes aw’.

yesterday kemari’.

you all kita’.

you (female) di’.

you (male) m’ih.

you (polite) wan.

young biak; muda.

youngest born bunsu.

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